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Rwanda Final Report 2018-2019

The Rwanda Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (RPHIA) was a nationally representative, cross-sectional, population-based survey of households (HHs). Conducted between October 2018 and March 2019, the survey focused on measuring key biological endpoints to provide direct estimates of HIV infection risk and burden, and of the effectiveness and population-level impact of the HIV-related prevention, care, and treatment interventions implemented in the country.

The primary objectives of RPHIA were to estimate the national-level annual HIV incidence among adults (defined as those aged 15-64 years), and the subnational prevalence of HIV VLS (HIV RNA less than 1,000 copies/mL) among adults living with HIV. Secondary objectives of RPHIA were to measure national and provincial adult HIV prevalence, detection of ARVs in blood, national prevalence of transmitted HIV DR, progress toward the 90-90-90 targets defined by the UNAIDS, and national prevalence of hepatitis B and hepatitis C. The survey also collected information on behaviors associated with HIV acquisition and transmission, common HIV comorbidities, and other health conditions.

This project is supported by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through CDC under the terms of cooperative agreement #U2GGH001226. The findings and conclusions are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the funding agencies.

RPHIA Final Report