The Malawi Population-based HIV Impact Assessment 2020-2021 (MPHIA 2020-2021) conducted from January 2020 through April 2021 to measure the impact of the national HIV response. (Note that there was a pause from April 2020 until March 2021 due to the COVID-19 pandemic.) MPHIA 2020-2021 offered HIV counseling and testing with return of results to the participants and collected information about uptake of HIV care and treatment services.
MPHIA 2020-201 was the second survey to estimate national HIV incidence and the national and district-level prevalence of HIV and viral load suppression, defined as HIV RNA <1,000 copies per milliliter. The first MPHIA was conducted from November 2015 through August 2016. The results of these two surveys provide critical information about national and district-level progress toward control of the HIV epidemic.
The survey also collected information on selected behaviors associated with HIV acquisition and transmission, on common HIV comorbidities, and other health conditions.