The Ethiopia Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (EPHIA), a household-based national survey in urban Ethiopia, was conducted between October 2017 and April 2018 in order to measure the status of Ethiopia’s national response to their urban HIV epidemic.
EPHIA offered household-based HIV counseling and testing, with the return of results and referral to clinics for those who tested HIV-positive, and collected information about the uptake of HIV prevention, care, and treatment services. This is the first survey to estimate HIV incidence, viral load suppression (VLS), and pediatric prevalence in urban Ethiopia. This survey focused only on the urban population since previous studies showed a less than one percent HIV prevalence in rural areas.
This project is supported by the U.S. President’s Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief (PEPFAR) through CDC under the terms of cooperative agreement #U2GGH001226. The findings and conclusion are those of the authors and do not necessarily represent the official position of the funding agencies. The results presented here should be considered preliminary and are subject to change.