The Uganda Population-based HIV Impact Assessment (UPHIA 2020-2021) was a national household-based survey among adults (defined as individuals aged 15 years and older) to measure the impact of the national HIV response. Conducted from February 2020 through March 2021 (with a pause from March 2020 until October 2020 due to the COVID-19 pandemic), UPHIA 2020-2021 offered HIV counseling and testing with return of results and collected information about uptake of HIV care and treatment services.
UPHIA 2020-2021 was the second UPHIA to estimate national HIV incidence and the national and district-level prevalence of HIV and viral load suppression, defined as HIV RNA <1,000 copies per milliliter. The first UPHIA was conducted from August 2016 through March 2017. The results of these two surveys provide critical information about national and district-level progress toward control of the HIV epidemic.